are one of the most fascinating and wonderful animals on the surface of
earth. Elephants are commonly found in Africa and Asia with the former
larger in size. For centuries, elephants have been used as beasts of burden
and generated curiosity and awe among human beings. We all want to know more
and more about elephants. Asian elephants differ from their African
counterparts by their smaller size, smaller ears, rounded back and a fourth
toenail on each of their hind feet. The Asian/ Indian elephants have a thick
and dry skin with small amount of hair and are grey to brown in color. It is
important to note that female Asian elephants have rudimentary tusks. Find out more interesting facts on elephants
||E.m.maximus, E.m.indicus, E.m.sumatranus.
||Asian elephants live for about 70 years
||Male: 5000kg, Female: 3000kg,
||India, Sri Lanka and further south and east as far as Sumatra
||Asian elephants are spread over areas where rainfall levels vary
considerably. They can survive in dry places where less than 40cm of
rain falls per year, and in wet areas where over 8m of rain can fall in
||Vegetarian diet including grasses, bamboo, bark, succulent
climbers, legumes, creepers and palms.
||Asian elephants are sociable and live in basic family units of one
adult cow and her offspring.
||Give birth to one calf after a gestation period of 18-22 months
(every three to four years).
||Asian elephants are classified as Endangered